More than a dozen war memorials have been listed or had their protection upgraded to mark the centenary of the Battle of Passchendaele.
The decision was made by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport on the advice of government heritage body, Historic England.
Here is the full list of newly protected memorials:
- King’s Royal Rifle Corps Memorial, Cathedral Close, Winchester, Hampshire (Listed Grade II*)
- Rickerby Park, Carlisle, Cumbria (Listed Grade II)
- Hamsterley Colliery War Memorial, A694, Hamsterley, County Durham (Listed Grade II)
- Edgar Mobbs War Memorial, Garden of Remembrance, Kettering Road, Northampton (Listed Grade II*)
- Guildford War Memorial, Garden of Remembrance, Guildford Castle, Surrey (Listed Grade II)
- Royal Fusiliers Memorial, Holborn, London (Upgraded from Grade II to Grade II*)
- Crich Stand Tower, Crich Hill, Derbyshire (Upgraded from Grade II to Grade II*)
- Croydon War Memorial, Katharine Street, Croydon (Upgraded from Grade II to Grade II*)
- Shrewsbury War Memorial, The Quarry, St Chad’s Terrace, Shrewsbury (Upgraded from Grade II to Grade II*)
- Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regimental Memorial, Bedford Road, Kempston, Bedfordshire (Upgraded from Grade II to Grade II*)
- Cumberland and Westmorland War Memorial, Rickerby Park, Carlisle, Cumbria (Upgraded from Grade II to Grade II*)
- War Memorial, Storey Avenue, Westfield Memorial Village, Lancaster (Upgraded from Grade II to Grade II*)
- Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry Memorial, Castle Canyke Road, Bodmin, Cornwall (Upgraded from Grade II to Grade II*)
- Ypres Memorial Milestone, Shooter’s Hill, Greenwich, London (Remains at Grade II, updated list entry)
Roger Bowdler, director of listing at Historic England, said: “Passchendaele was a truly grim affair, waged over three muddy, bloody months”.
“It succeeded in wearing down the Germans and taking pressure off the French, but at a high cost in lives.”
“These newly listed and upgraded memorials are just some of the tributes to the losses of so many.”
More than half a million troops died in the battle in the West Flanders region of northern Belgium in 1917, officially known as the Third Battle of Ypres.